Effects of Illegal Drugs Essay examples

1593 Words Feb 13th, 2014 7 Pages

Effects of Illegal Drugs
Tina Bolon
January 19, 2014
Instructor: Christy Spindler

The Effects of Illegal Drugs “When you hear the word drugs, what do you think of first?” Majority of people would consider hardcore drugs first LSD, heroin, cocaine or weed. Most people would not associate alcohol as means of a drug. A lot of individuals in society may even dispute alcohol being a drug, when in fact, it is. According to Kleiman (2013) “Alcohol is not just a drug, but the archetypal drug: the drug most widely used and the drug that causes the most addiction, disease, and violence” (p. 1). Long-term drug use starts with alcohol. Alcohol is the gateway drug
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Heroin was first manufactured as a substitute to morphine in 1874 but was debarred in 1924 because of its extremely addictive nature. Soon after heroin is injected or inhaled it crosses over the blood-brain barrier. In the brain, heroin is converted to morphine and binds rapidly to opioid receptors. Abusers typically report feeling a surge of pleasurable sensation, a “rush” (Drug enforcement administration, 2011) the rush is usually supplemented by a warm reddening of the skin, dehydration, and a hefty feeling in the extremities; this can be conveyed by vomiting, severe itching and nausea. Cocaine is a white powder obtained from the leaves of the coca plant and is a powerful stimulant, which has similar effects to amphetamines (Joseph, 2000). The common way to take cocaine is to sniff or snort it up the nose through a small tube. Cocaine is immersed into the blood through the tiny membranes in the nose. Cocaine can also be smoked then it is considered crack cocaine. Crack cocaine can be immersed faster than snorting cocaine. When snorted or sniffed cocaine peaks in about 15-30 minutes then fades, a crack high usually last about 15 minutes. This short high often inspires users to duplicate the dose in order to preserve an effective high. The short term effects of cocaine are “loss of appetite, increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, contracted blood vessel, increased rate of breathing, dilated pupils, disturbed sleep patterns, nausea, bizarre,

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